Playbook® Applicability to

KANSAS

State Standards in Language Arts

Kindergarten

 

Reading a Playbook® in the classroom meets the following Kansas standards in English Language Arts and Reading:

Standard 2:

Learners write effectively for a variety of audiences, purposes, and contexts.

Benchmark 8: The proficient writer uses writing as a tool for learning throughout the curriculum.

The students:

  • 1. Write notes and journals to record information.

 

LITERATURE GENRES

Standard 3:

Learners demonstrate knowledge of literature from a variety of cultures, genres, and time periods.

Benchmark 1: The proficient reader demonstrates knowledge of the effects of cultures on literature.

The students:

  • 1. Recognize customs as expressed in literature from a variety of cultures.
  • 2. Relate literature from a variety of cultures to personal experiences.

Benchmark 2: The proficient reader identifies characteristics of a wide variety of literary genres in various formats.

The students:

  • 1. Identify fiction and nonfiction and a variety of genres, such as folklore (fairy tale, folk tale, and tall tale), poetry, animal fantasy, and informational text.

Benchmark 3: The proficient reader demonstrates knowledge of the effects of time periods on literature.

The students:

  • 1. Distinguish between past and present settings.

LITERATURE RESPONSES

Standard 4:

Learners demonstrate skills needed to read and respond to literature.

Benchmark 1: The proficient reader uses literary concepts to interpret literature.

The students:

  • 1. Identify and describe the main characters in narrative literature.
  • 2. Restate the main idea in narrative literature.
  • 3. Describe the setting in narrative literature.
  • 4. Identify the problem and solution in narrative literature.
  • 5. Identify the concept and supporting details in expository literature.

Benchmark 2: The proficient reader evaluates literature with criteria based on purposes for reading and derived from time periods and cultures.

The students:

  • 1. Recognize connections between characters and events and people and events in their lives.
  • 2. Share responses with peers.

BY THE END OF FIFTH GRADE

READING

Standard 1:

Learners demonstrate skill in reading a variety of materials for a variety of purposes.

Benchmark 1: The proficient reader comprehends whole pieces of narration, exposition, persuasion, and technical writing.

The students:

  • 1. Identify a correct restatement of the main idea.
  • 2. Identify details to support their understanding.
  • 3. Identify authorís purpose.
  • 4. Connect predictions with information read.
  • 5. Identify characteristics of narrative text and expository text.
  • 6. Reread as necessary for understanding.
  • 7. Compare and contrast information in texts.
  • 8. Link causes to effects.
  • 9. Use the skills of skimming to get an overview of the text and scanning to find specific information in the text.
  • 10. Recognize problem and solution.
  • 11. Use various parts of a book such as table of contents, appendix, and glossary to locate information.
  • 12. Identify text organizers such as headings, topic and summary sentences, and graphic features.

Benchmark 2: The proficient reader decodes accurately and understands new words in reading materials.

The students:

  • 1. Use context clues such as definition, restatement, and example to determine meaning of unfamiliar vocabulary.
  • 2. Use synonyms, antonyms, homographs, and homophones.
  • 3. Use a dictionary or a glossary to determine the meaning of vocabulary.
  • 4. Use phonetics including rimes (phonograms) and structural analysis to determine meaning of unfamiliar words.
  • 5. Identify figurative language (similes, metaphors, and idioms).

Benchmark 3: The proficient reader reads fluently.

The students:

  • 1. Demonstrate rhythms of natural speech in oral reading.
  • 3. Use vocabulary, punctuation, and sentence structure to assist in reading fluency.

Benchmark 4: The proficient reader uses what he/she already knows about the topic and the type of text to understand what is read.

The students:

  • 1. Use patterns such as cause and effect and comparison and contrast to understand expository text.
  • 2. Use elements of story, such as setting, character and plot, to understand narrative text.
  • 3. Adapt how they read depending upon whether the material is a narrative (story) or expository (informational) text.
  • 4. Draw on past experiences to make connections to the text.

Benchmark 5: The proficient reader draws conclusions supported by the text.

The students:

  • 1. Identify common topics in different texts.
  • 2. Draw conclusions from the text.

WRITING

Standard 2:

Learners write effectively for a variety of audiences, purposes, and contexts.

Benchmark 8: The proficient writer uses writing as a tool for learning throughout the curriculum.

The students:

  • 1. Write notes, outlines, lab reports, journal entries, and research reports while studying in content areas.

LITERATURE GENRES

Standard 3:

Learners demonstrate knowledge of literature from a variety of cultures, genres, and time periods.

Benchmark 1: The proficient reader demonstrates knowledge of the effects of cultures on literature.

The students:

  • 1. Recognize the impact of culture on a character.
  • 2. Compare and contrast customs and ideas within literature from a variety of cultures.

Benchmark 2: The proficient reader identifies characteristics of a wide variety of literary genres in various formats.

The students:

  • 1. Identify fiction and nonfiction and a variety of genres, such as folklore (fable and hero tale), fantasy, poetry, historical fiction, realistic fiction, biography, and informational text.

Benchmark 3: The proficient reader demonstrates knowledge of the effects of time periods on literature.

The students:

  • 1. Distinguish between past, present, and future settings.

LITERATURE RESPONSE

Standard 4:

Learners demonstrate skills needed to read and respond to literature.

Benchmark 1: The proficient reader uses literary concepts to interpret literature.

The students:

  • 1. Identify elements of fiction and drama, such as character, setting, plot, resolution, and theme.
  • 2. Identify text structure in expository literature such as cause and effect, comparison and contrast, description, sequence, and problem and solution.

Benchmark 2: The proficient reader evaluates literature with criteria based on purposes for reading and derived from time periods and cultures.

The students:

  • 1. Explain connections between characters and events in literature and people and events in their lives.
  • 2. Compare responses within a group of peers.